Absztrakt (kivonat) idegen nyelven

The microcirculatory aspects of inflammatory disorders are of importance in the pathology of the urinary system. Our first aim was to perform a comparative analysis of the microcirculatory responses of the urinary bladder in infectious and non-infectious inflammatory animal models with direct or indirect endothelial damage. To this end, we compared the local microcirculatory consequences of experimental interstitial (IC) cystitis and hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) with those of bladder ischemia/reperfusion (IR). We found that not only IR, where direct endothelial damage is present, but also HC and IC, where microcirculatory inflammatory reactions are secondary after urothelial and interstitial damage, are associated with manifest polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN)–endothelial cell interactions. This finding confirms the common role of PMN-mediated microcirculatory reactions in the pathogenesis of bladder diseases. The overexpression of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) has been demonstrated in IC cases as well as in cases of neurogenic bladder. In addition, TRPV1 agonists have also previously been used during pharmacological management of these diseases. Therefore, our next aim was to examine the microcirculatory effects of local capsaicin treatment (the archetypical TRPV1 agonist). In our study, capsaicin induced rapid increases in PMN leukocyte rolling and adhesion and in adhesion molecule expression in the postcapillary venules of the urinary bladder, which was prevented by neonatal sensory chemodenervation with capsaicin and competitive TRPV1 antagonism. The effect of specific receptor antagonist therapy showed that TRPV1-induced calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) release initiates the PMN–endothelial cell interaction by promoting leukocyte rolling, but adhesion is influenced by both CGRP and substance P. Our final goal is to implement medical research in clinical practice. Depending on the underlying cause, neurogenic bladder can manifest in both overactive and underactive forms. Diagnosis and treatment of both manifestations of neurogenic bladder remain a challenge in urology practice because disease severity cannot easily be assessed and the most common symptoms are non-specific. For this reason, our last aim was to provide an algorithm that aims to facilitate rapid and efficient diagnosis and assessment of disease severity. This may also aid in decision making on the potential pharmacological and invasive therapeutic approaches to protecting the upper urinary tract by maintaining low pressure values in the bladder.

Mű típusa: Disszertáció (Doktori értekezés)
Publikációban használt név: Járomi, Péter
Magyar cím: A neurogén hólyag szindróma mikrokeringésének szempontjai
Szakterület: 03. Orvos- és egészségtudomány > 03.02. Klinikai orvostan > 03.02.20. Urológia és nefrológia > Urológia
Doktori iskola: Multidiszciplináris Orvostudományok Doktori Iskola
Tudományterület / tudományág: Orvostudományok
Védés dátuma: 2020. december 07.
Kulcsszavak: Húgyhólyag, mikrokeringés, leukocyta, neurogén hólyag, TRPV1, interstitialis cystitis, haemorrhagias cystitis
EPrint azonosító (ID): 10710
A feltöltés ideje: 2020. nov . 18. 15:33
Utolsó módosítás: 2020. nov . 23. 11:49
URI: https://doktori.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/10710
Védés állapota: nem védett (Nem idézhető amíg nem kap DOI számot.)